There are over 10,000 different species of mushrooms worldwide, and only 4% are edible! The rest are either tasteless or toxic. Harvesting random mushrooms in the wild can be extremely difficult and risky.
This is the main reason mushroom grows kits have become quite popular among mushroom lovers! The following are the main types of mushrooms you should expect in a mushroom grow kit.
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Oyster Mushrooms are the most adaptive mushroom species and are actually are grown on every continent! Oyster mushrooms include 4 subfamilies, each differing in color.
As the name suggests white oyster mushrooms are white in color. They have a mild flavor and are highly preferred for their high yields. Chances are these mushrooms will outgrow the designated area.
Black oyster mushrooms are high in flavors and ranked as the most delicious among all species in the oyster family! They are quite popular and easy to grow.
The pink oyster is considered more of an exotic species. Its flavor changes depending on both the location where it was grown and the surrounding conditions.
The yellow oyster is the brightest and most beautiful of them all! Its rich flavors and aroma will assure you’ll love the taste.
Button mushrooms are the mushroom species you find in most grocery shops. These mushrooms are easy to grow and have high yields.
When you grow button mushrooms, you can harvest them once every two weeks for up to 3 months.
This is a great choice for both beginners and experienced growers. These mushrooms are inexpensive, can be eaten raw, taste great, and are easy to cook!
Enoki mushrooms have the signature look of tiny caps with long skinny stems. They have a mild flavor and are crunchy when cooked.
Shiite mushrooms are ranked as one of the most popular mushrooms worldwide! They are shaped like a wide umbrella with signature brown tones.
These mushrooms are so popular because they yield all year round! Unlike most mushrooms in this list, Shiite mushrooms are all seasonal.
The species is hard to find in the wild but will thrive just fine in a grow room.
At a distance, Lion’s Mane mushrooms look like icicles. They have numerous health benefits along with one of the strongest and most unique flavors of all edible mushrooms!
If you want mushrooms that can fit on just any kind of recipe then you should try out Morels! They taste great and offer numerous nutritional benefits.
Shaped like a pine-cone, Morels are hard to miss.
Reishi Mushrooms are highly regarded for their medicinal properties! They are known to reduce depression and fatigue, boost immunity and help prevent cancer.
Reishi mushrooms can either be cooked or eaten raw.
How to Cultivate Mushrooms?
Everything is all set and you know the mushroom growing kit to purchase! How do you cultivate mushrooms?
The following is a simple guide on how to go about it:
Prepare the grow medium
Mushrooms can grow on various growing mediums like including compost and logs. Before you can even sow the mushrooms, you’ll need to prepare the growing medium.
Sterilize the grow medium
Mushrooms are non-green plants and they can’t make their own food. They have to be provided with nutrients throughout, making them prone to contamination. To avoid this, always ensure that you sterilize the growing medium.
Add water to the growing substrate. Heat it for temperatures up to no more than 70 degrees F for 3-4 minutes.
Avoid direct sunlight
Mushrooms thrive in humid environments, away from direct sunlight. At home, this can be in the kitchen, store, or garage. Ensure your mushrooms are watered regularly!
Mushrooms are a healthy option! They can either be eaten raw or added to a recipe. Now you have the tools necessary to select the best mushroom growing kit to purchase!